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PostPosted: Tue Mar 23, 2010 2:51 pm 
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I was having a recent discussion with Freethinkaluva about the origin of the science of archaeoastronomy. The "modern" insight that ancient ruins were astronomically aligned goes back centuries, but it was given much currency by Sir Dr. Norman Lockyer (1836-1920), the royal astronomer who was also the founder of the prestigious science magazine Nature.

Lockyer spent much time analyzing ancient Egyptian monuments, but he also made a very impressive case for the astronomical alignments of Stonehenge, published in 1906. Lockyer's book Stonehenge and other British Stone Monuments Astronomically Considered is chockablock full of great stuff.

On p. 18, for example, Lockyer makes a remarkable statement:

If we study the civilisations in Egypt we find that so far as we know one of the first peoples who used this principle of orientation for agricultural purposes was some tribe that came down the Nile about 6400 years BC...

What is extraordinary is not only Lockyer's insight of astronomical alignments at the time, but that a century later, he was essentially proved correct in his timeline. To understand his real genius here, it should be recalled that mainstream Egyptology has been perplexed by the lack of evidence for a precedent for the massive Egyptian culture: In other words, there had been no evidence for a preceding culture upon which the classical Egyptians built.

Moreover, when Lockyer wrote - or just preceding his time - it was practically de riguer to use the biblical timeline established by Bishop Ussher of the world having been created in 4004 BCE. Hence, any commentary that man had been around before then, building civilizations, would have been not only laughable but blasphemous!

Yet, fast forward to our era, and we find a wondrous site in the Nubian desert called Nabta Playa, which nicely fits Lockyer's comments in both form and age.


Nabta Playa

Archaeological findings indicate human occupation in the region dating to somewhere between the 10th and 8th millennia BC. Fred Wendorf and Christopher Ehret have suggested that the people who occupied this region at that time were early pastoralists, although this is disputed by other sources because the cattle remains found at Nabta have been shown to be morphologically wild in several studies, and nearby Saharan sites such as Uan Afada in Libya were penning wild Barbary sheep, an animal that was never domesticated. The people of that time consumed and stored wild sorghum, and used ceramics adorned by complicated painted patterns created perhaps by using combs made from fish bone.

By the 7th millennium BC, exceedingly large and organized settlements were found in the region, relying on deep wells for sources of water. Huts were constructed in straight rows. Sustenance included fruit, legumes, millets, sorghum and tubers.

Also in the late 7th millennium BC, but a little later than the time referred to above, imported goats and sheep, apparently from Southwest Asia, appear. Many large hearths also appear...

By the 6th millennium BC, evidence of a prehistoric religion or cult appears, with a number of sacrificed cattle buried in stone-roofed chambers lined with clay. It has been suggested that the associated cattle cult indicated in Nabta Playa marks an early evolution of Ancient Egypt's Hathor cult....

One of the world's earliest known examples of archeoastronomy

By the 5th millennium BC these peoples had fashioned one of the world's earliest known archeoastronomical devices (roughly contemporary to the Goseck circle in Germany and the Mnajdra megalithic temple complex in Malta), about 1000 years older than but comparable to Stonehenge (see sketch at right). Research suggests that it may have been a prehistoric calendar which accurately marks the summer solstice.

The research done by the astrophysicist Thomas G. Brophy suggests that these monoliths might tell much more. The calendar circle itself is made up of one doorway that runs north-south, a second that runs northeast-southwest marking the summer solstice, and six center stones.... Brophy's hypothesis proposes first that the southerly line of three stones inside the calendar circle represented the three stars of Orion’s Belt and the other three stones inside the calendar circle represented the shoulders and head stars of Orion as they appeared in the sky. These correspondences were for two dates -- circa 4,800 BC and at precessional opposition -- representing how the sky "moves" long term. Brophy proposes that the circle was constructed and used circa the later date, and the dual date representation was a conceptual representation of the motion of the sky over a precession cycle.

Near by the calendar circle, which is made of smaller stones, there are alignments of large megalithic stones. The southerly lines of these megaliths, Brophy shows, aligned to the same stars as represented in the calendar circle, all at the same epoch, circa 6270 BC. The calendar circle correlation with Orion's belt occurred between 6400 BC and 4900 BC, matching the radio-carbon dating of campfires around the circle.

Brophy found that the lines made to these megaliths match the spots in the sky where the various stars rose in vernal equinox heliacal rising. In analyzing the varying distances, mulling through assumptions such as that they represented the brightness of the stars, he inadvertently found that they matched the distance of the stars from Earth on a scale of roughly 1 meter = .8 light years within the margin of error for astronomical distances calculated today.....

It would appear that Lockyer was correct - yet, the science of which he could be deemed the "Father," archaeoastronomy, was not accepted as a reality until nearly a century later!

Just keep these facts in mind when you hear scoffing regarding the scientific study of astrotheology, which is simply the combination of ancient mythology with archaeoastronomy.

Why suffer from Egyptoparallelophobia, when you can read Christ in Egypt? Try it - you'll like it:


PostPosted: Thu Oct 06, 2011 11:16 am 
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Conference on Archaeoastronomy of the American Southwest

Conference on Archaeoastronomy of the American Southwest


2013 Astrotheology Calendar
The Mythicist Position
Christ in Egypt: The Horus-Jesus Connection
Stellar House Publishing at Youtube

PostPosted: Sun Oct 09, 2011 8:45 am 

Joined: Sun Oct 07, 2007 8:17 pm
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That looks great FTL!!!

Makes me wish I was there to see the conference.

The Jesus Mythicist Creed:
The "Jesus Christ" of the New Testament is a fictional composite of characters, real and mythical. A composite of multiple "people" is no one.

The celestial Origins of Religious Belief
ZG Part 1
Jesus: Hebrew Human or Mythical Messiah?

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