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PostPosted: Sun Sep 29, 2013 9:28 am 
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Christian and Vedic Theories of Time Compared

The Laws of Manu from the Sacred Texts of Hinduism date from ancient times. Chapter I, available at states the following theory of time, with my commentary.
“65. The sun divides days and nights, both human and divine, the night being intended for the repose of created beings and the day for exertion.
The diurnal division of time into periods of light and dark, action and rest, day and night, begins at the level of the earth’s daily 24 hour rotation on its axis, half lit by the sun at day and half under the dark starry skies of night.
“66. A month is a day and a night of the moon, but the division is according to fortnights. The dark fortnight is their day for active exertion, the bright fortnight their night for sleep.”
Our satellite the moon establishes the twelve months of the year, each of which also mirrors the daily cycle in having periods of light and dark, growth and reversal. One would think the ecliptic would mark dawn and dusk of the lunar month, with the solar eclipse point at the dark of midnight and the lunar eclipse syzygy of the full moon at midday. But the Vedic text places the cycle differently, with activity in the moon’s waning night and repose during its waxing growth. This suits animals such as rats which avoid owls who hunt by the moon, but human activity tends more to rely on sight, so favours the moon up at night in the fortnight from new to full.
“67. A year is a day and a night of the gods; their division is as follows: the half year during which the sun progresses to the north will be the day,”
The day of the gods is defined here as from the winter solstice to the summer solstice – December to June – the period of lengthening light in the northern hemisphere in the seasons of winter and spring. My view is that the day of the gods should be defined as the period from the spring equinox to the autumn equinox, as the time when the sun is north of the equator. South of the equator, the sun in autumn and winter matches to the time the sun is below the horizon at night.
“that during which it goes southwards the night.”
The period of declining light from the summer solstice to winter solstice – June to December – summer and autumn, is defined here as the night of the Gods. This model of time maps the solstices to the dawn and dusk.

An alternative approach to mapping the year by the day can set the equinoxes at dawn and dusk, with the solstices at midnight and midday, corresponding to the fact that the summer solstice is when the earth is turned directly towards the sun, the equinoxes are the inflection points between light and dark halves of the year, and the winter solstice is the midnight stationary turning point when the pole is pointed furthest away from the sun. In this alternative approach the high point equates to midday, the full moon, the summer solstice and the solstice-perihelion conjunction. The ascending seasons are spring and summer, while the descending seasons are autumn and winter.

This model of the annual cycle of life contrasts to the Vedic theory that summer and winter are seasons of descent and ascent respectively. We see here the cycles of light and life are phased by one season, the cycle of light starting at the winter solstice and the cycle of life starting at the spring equinox.
“68. But hear now the brief description of the duration of a night and a day of Brahman and of the several ages of the world, yuga according to their order.”

The Vedic theory of the Yuga is here described as a period that matches the 24,000 year orbital cycle of light and dark caused by precession of the equinox, a period that drives the glaciation cycle of the earth. Glacial maxima occur every 20,000 or so years when the June solstice is at aphelion, the orbital position furthest from the sun. Intervening glacial minima are when the June solstice is at perihelion, the warmest spot on the orbit closest to the sun. The yuga cycle is a set of rising and falling ages from gold to iron, with gold as the perihelion summer and iron as the perihelion winter.
“ 69. They declare that the Krita age consists of four thousand years of the gods; the twilight preceding it consists of as many hundreds (400 years), and the twilight following it of the same number (400 years).
The Golden Age or Krita Yuga, most recently beginning at the dawn of the Holocene over eleven thousand years ago, is said in the Book of Manu to last for 4800 years. This is just the descending period, and is mirrored by an equal ascending period. The high point of the Golden Age was at the northern summer solstice perihelion conjunction in about 9,554 BC, and followed an equal ascending Golden Age, forming a 9,600 year time around the moment when the solstice crossed the perihelion. This was a glacial minimum, following the preceding ten thousand years when the ice age ended and the sea rose by 140 meters.
“70. In the other three ages with their twilights preceding and following, the thousands and hundreds are diminished by one in each.
Successive ages of diminishing light and length follow the golden age, marking steadily worse conditions, reflecting the falling summer insolation as the solstice moves from perihelion toward aphelion.
71. These twelve thousand years which thus have been just mentioned as the total of four human ages, are called one age of the gods.”
12,000 years = 4,800 + 3,600 + 2,400 + 1,200 = gold + silver + bronze + iron ages. The Book of Manu defined this time as an age of the gods. This period is half a light-dark cycle, like when the sun is up in the day. Similarly, the age of the gods is like the six months when the days are lengthening in the year, in its ascending phase, or the half day when the sun is down at night, or the six months when the days are shortening in the year, in its descending phase. The twelve thousand year period is like half the daily cycle of sun rise and set. The period of light is matched and mirrored by an equal night period of twelve thousand years of dark, for a total cycle period of twenty four thousand years.
“72. But know that the sum of one thousand ages of the gods makes one day of Brahman, and that his night has the same length.”
Multiplication by a further thousand times illustrates the extreme lengths of time under discussion. But this 24 million year period is not a dynamic orbital driver.
“73. Those only, who know that the holy day of Brahman, indeed, ends after the completion of one thousand ages of the gods and that his night lasts as long, are really men acquainted with the length of days and nights.”

The ancient astronomers who formulated this theory of time perceived that the universe is millions or billions of years old. The day and night of 24 million years as described produces a Year of Brahman of some 7000 million years, older than the earth, and about half the time since the Big Bang.
“74. At the end of that day and night he who was asleep, awakes and, after awaking, creates mind, which is both real and unreal.”
The science behind this cyclic vision of time is that a permanent stable cycle of orbital heating and cooling driven by the earth’s spin wobble is a main feature of terrestrial climate. We should expect that some response to this slow period is built into DNA. All life on earth has been through about 80,000 such regular orbital shifts between relatively lighter and darker periods over the four billion years of terrestrial time.
“… 81. In the Krita age Dharma is four-footed and entire, and so is Truth; nor does any gain accrue to men by unrighteousness.”
The Krita Age, also called the Satya Yuga or Golden Age, is seen in Vedic thought as a period of integrity and spiritual knowledge.
“82. In the other three ages, by reason of unjust gains agama, Dharma is deprived successively of one foot, and through the prevalence of theft, falsehood, and fraud the merit gained by men is diminished by one fourth in each.”
The Golden Age was remembered as a time of pure justice. Since then, over the ten thousand years of the rise of metal and war, a steady decline of happiness is seen through ages of silver, bronze and iron.
Applying the Vedic time frame to orbital climate cycles produces the following dates.

Orbital Start Dates of Vedic Yugas over 42,000 years from 20,354 BC to 21,766 AD
Ascending    Descending    Ascending    Descending
-20354   Kali Iron   -9554   Satya Gold   1246   Kali Iron   12046   Satya Gold
-19274   Bronze   -8474      2326   Bronze   13126   
-18194      -7394      3406      14206   
-17114   Silver   -6314      4486   Silver   15286   
-16034      -5234   Silver   5566      16366   Silver
-14954      -4154      6646      17446   
-13874   Gold   -3074      7726   Gold   18526   
-12794      -1994   Bronze   8806      19606   Bronze
-11714      -914      9886      20686   
-10634      166   Iron   10966      21766   Iron

The joining points of the ascending and descending Krita and Kali ages are when the solstices cross the perihelion. The perihelion occurs now on about 5 January each year, reflecting its movement from the December solstice point in 1246 AD, the coldest point of the Yuga cycle, and a good candidate for the bottom of the iron age of spiritual ignorance.
“83. Men are free from disease, accomplish all their aims, and live four hundred years in the Krita age, but in the Treta and in each of the succeeding ages their life is lessened by one quarter. 84. The life of mortals, mentioned in the Veda, the desired results of sacrificial rites and the supernatural power of embodied spirits are fruits proportioned among men according to the character of the age. 85. One set of duties is prescribed for men in the Krita age, different ones in the Treta and in the Dvapara, and again another set in the Kali, in a proportion as those ages decrease in length. 86. In the Krita age the chief virtue is declared to be the performance of austerities, in the Treta divine knowledge, in the Dvapara the performance of sacrifices, in the Kali liberality alone.”
The four ages Kali (iron), Dvapara (bronze), Treta (silver) and Krita (gold) ascend then descend through gold, silver, bronze and iron over 24,000 years.

Use of Vedic Astronomy in the Bible
The cycle of gold, silver, bronze and iron described in the Vedic Book of Manu is used by Daniel to describe his dream of the fall of the empire of Babylon, and by Hesiod in Greece in his description of declining ages since the Golden Age ruled by Saturn. Here we find the accurate scientific basis of Biblical cosmology. The Vedic Yuga of 24,000 years is encoded in the Christian holy city of New Jerusalem, with its diameter of 12,000 units. The Holy City is the stars of heaven.

The Bible maps a thousand years to a day in Psalm 90:4 and the Epistle of Peter. Supporting this cosmology, theologians such as Irenaeus stated that the seven days of Creation described in Genesis map to a 7000 year period of time. This period is described as the fall from grace into the corruption of tribulation, and dates, mythically speaking, from the expulsion of Adam and Eve from the garden of paradise in about 4000 BC until the end of the Sabbath millennium of rest and recovery in about 3000 AD. We are therefore entering the seventh day of creation in the Biblical cosmology.

The period of tribulation is defined as 3.5 times. A ‘time’ in this tribulation myth is an uncertain period, whether days, months, years or zodiac ages. Considering the time of tribulation against precession, mapping this period to the seven thousand years of the fall corresponds to the 3.5 zodiac ages when the spring equinox has shifted from Taurus through Aries and Pisces into the constellation of Aquarius. These star positions form a slow clock of the earth, observed in ancient times.

Within the fallen corruption of the tribulation, a message of truth is provided after the mid point, at the First Coming of Jesus Christ. The incarnation of Christ is mapped by the stars to the alpha and omega point when the equinox shifted from Aries to Pisces. The Second Coming is defined in this model as the moment when the equinox shifts from Pisces to Aquarius.

Mapping these dates against the Vedic orbital structure of time, we find that the Age of Pisces occurs during the Kali Yuga, the iron age of spiritual ignorance. The Age of Aquarius begins with the ascending shift of the equinox from the Kali Yuga into the Dvapara Yuga or Bronze age, matching to 72 minutes after midnight in the daily round. Against the day and year, the centre of the Age of Pisces in 1246 AD is the dark midnight point when the winter solstice crosses the perihelion, and the Age of Aquarius begins when the angle from perihelion to solstice reaches 18 degrees with perihelion on 8 January in about 2326 AD, defined in my interpretation of the Vedic Yuga system as the beginning of the rising bronze age.

Christian understanding of this Indian cosmology was a central part of the legacy of Buddhist and Hindu thought in its discussion with the Mediterranean region, for example through Ashoka’s Theraputta Missionaries to Alexandria who became the Christian Therapeuts. But the western reception was fragmented by war and upheaval, leaving only hidden traces of this accurate understanding encoded in myth.

The holy city, with its twelve foundation jewels mapping the twelve ages of the zodiac, symbolises the accurate observation of space-time driven by orbital dynamics, from the geocentric perspective of the orbital cycles of our planet with its 12,000 years of growing and falling light and heat followed by 12,000 years of dark and cold. This stable cycle has been permanent and nearly unchanging over the four billion years of life on earth.

The tree of life in Genesis and Revelation symbolises the zodiac, in alignment with Vedic cosmology of the Yugas. Human attunement to the cosmos is seen as having been lost at the fall, with the separation from the tree of life described in the expulsion of Adam and Eve by the Cherubim with flaming sword. Our cosmic sense and knowledge of the allegorical tree of life will be restored through the millennium, symbolised in Christian thought with the descent of the holy city from heaven to earth with the tree of life and river of life at its heart.

This model of time is embedded in the Biblical eschatology of fall and redemption describing the theory of the creation and end of the world. Humans developed a false supernatural theory of time whose imagined beginning was in 4000 BC with the fall from grace. The Biblical theory of dominion of the world asserts human control of nature, generating an alienated delusion separating spirit from matter. The idea that the world will end is really a vision that our constructed human world is false, and that a paradigm shift is needed to base our ideas on the actual reality of the visible natural universe in which we live. Redemption, the salvation of humanity, is the reconciliation of spirit and matter, ending the alienation of the 7000 years of tribulation, with the restored union of world and nature as a new heaven and new earth.

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